Milwaukee Streetcar Approved
After years of debate, streetcar will finally move forward. Final engineering will begin immediately, and construction by the end of the year.
The Milwaukee Streetcar starter system has been approved. After more than 40 committee and full council meetings and years of debate, the Milwaukee Common Council has approved the $123.9 million, 2.5 mile starter system. Mayor Tom Barrett had first proposed the system in 2007 and the council had approved engineering work on the streetcar project in July 2011.
Today’s vote follows a November 18th announcement by the mayor of his desire to move forward on the project. The project had been seemingly dormant before that following a state law designed to saddle the project with additional costs.
The mayor’s case for the system was aided by a number of big ticket projects in the works, including the proposed The Couture at the east end of Michigan St. (which needs a transit component to avoid repaying $8 million in federal funds), a proposed Johnson Controls office tower for which the company has expressed a desire to have a streetcar connection and a number of new apartment projects across the city. The proposal has received increasing support from the business community, culminating in a press conference held at Manpower Group’s global headquarters yesterday.
The approval clears the way for the city to finish engineering work, procure vehicles, build the system and begin operations in 2018.
The final tally of council members thereby approving the project included nine: Robert Bauman, Milele Coggs, Ashanti Hamilton, Nik Kovac, Michael Murphy, Jose Perez, Russell Stamper II, Willie Wade and Terry Witkowski.
Voting against the streetcar were Jim Bohl, Joe Davis, Robert Donovan, Joe Dudzik, Robert Puente and Zielinski. Because he voted for the project previously to allow his move of reconsideration, Zielinski will be recorded as a yes vote on the project despite his opposition.
Given the lengthy, often heated past meetings on the project, today’s full Council meeting was rather anti-climatic. Zielinski, Donovan and Davis were the only aldermen to speak on the project. Zielinski noted “the vote that we’re about to take is going to put Milwaukee is a very bad financial light… This is a financially terrible move for the future of the city.”
Donovan remarked that “it’s rather disingenuous of the mayor and some of the proponents of the streetcar to talk about where it’s going to be expanded to without mentioning how it’s going to be paid for.” Donovan also pleaded for civility following the issue, noting that Bauman has closed his office door, which obstructs Donovan’s ability to get quickly to the coffee machine.
Davis spoke at length about his workforce accomplishments and railed against those who had attacked his “YouTube video.” Davis also attacked Urban Milwaukee’s council contact form, which he derided as “fixed.” The form received more than 3,250 submissions, with 75 percent in favor as of 7:00 a.m. today.
No supporters spoke on the matter on the council floor.
Referendum Petition Drive Continues
The referendum petition drive will continue until March 5th as it’s legally allowed. The referendum petition drive needs to gather 31,500 signatures, of which proponents have recently claimed to have 16,273 signatures.
Even if the signatures are turned in by the March 5th deadline, anti-streetcar proponents will be too late with their petitions to get the referendum on the April 2015 election ballot. This would push the first referendum (whether or nor to require a referendum on any rail transit projects of $20 million or more) to the February 2016 election, and assuming a majority voted yes, would then hold a second referendum (an up or down vote on the streetcar) in the April 2016 election. As my colleague Bruce Murphy has written, that may make the whole exercise moot legally, but streetcar opponents may be okay with this, as it forces a hot topic issue onto the mayoral primary and general elections, perhaps driving up the turnout of streetcar and Barrett opponents, which would help mayoral candidates Davis and Donovan.
Starter System Details
The project will be funded with $54.9 million in federal funds, first designated for transit in Milwaukee in 1991. In addition, the city will provide a 20 percent local match ($9.7 million) from the existing Cathedral Place tax-incremental financing district.
Due to a change in state law requiring the city to pay all utilities cost and the addition of a spur to the lakefront, the cost of the project increased to $123.9 million following extensive engineering work. The council approved the additional funds to come from a new E. Michigan St. TIF district ($31 million) and amended a Third Ward TIF district ($18.3 million). In addition, the city is pursuing an additional $10 million federal grant to pay for the lakefront spur.
Capital Cost Breakdown
- Maintenance facility: $7.5 million
- 4 Vehicles: $17.6 million
- Phase 1 route: $73.8 million
- Phase 2 route (Lakefront extension): $25 million
- Federal ISTEA funding : $54.9 million
- Federal TIGER grant: $10 million
- Cathedral Place #49 TIF: $9.7 million
- Erie/Jefferson Riverwalk TIF #56: $18.3 million
- East Michigan St. TIF #82: $31.0 million
The cost to relocate the utilities for the streetcar project has been an extremely contentious issue. Initial cost estimates put the relocation expense as high as $70 million. A legal challenge continues by the city attorney against the state Public Service Commission regarding its decision that the city must pay the entire cost of relocation (which would be unique to public works projects in this state). But the mayor has noted repeatedly that city engineering work has already reduced those costs by nearly $50 million. As of today the relocation costs for the project would be $22.7 million. Barrett has noted that the utilities (of which the biggest is We Energies) have indicated a number of minor route modifications that would drive down utilities costs by millions more. The mayor stated that the city is actively working on those modifications as part of its engineering work. “I am 100 percent confident that number is going to come down by millions of dollars,” Barrett said during a committee meeting in December.
The city has already received a federal Congestion Mitigan and Air Quality grant to fund 80% of the first 18 months operating cost ($3.18 million). The Barrett administration believes they can get that grant extended for another 18 months, meaning that the city would not have to pay the full costs to operate the streetcar until 2021. After the grant runs out, the city will pay for the system using a combination of fare box revenue, advertising, corporate sponsorships, operating agreements with partners and revenue from the city’s parking fund. It is expected that the total cost would be $2.65 million a year to operate the system, with fares contributing $560,000 and sponsorship contributing $270,000.
The current route was proposed in 2009 by the mayor, with minor modifications made since to avoid key utility intersections (such as the intersection of N. Broadway and E. Mason St.). The Common Council on a 10-5 vote approved the project on July 26, 2011, allowing the project to move from 30 percent to 60 percent engineering completion before it would need to come back for final approval.
Final engineering will proceed immediately. Construction is slated to begin by the end of 2015 and would continue for the next two years. Project proponents have repeatedly stated that although the construction would take two years, to minimize disruption the entire route would not be under construction at once. Vehicle selection and procurement will happen this year. The system would enter operation in 2018.
The replacement for the Bradley Center has become a hot topic with the announcement of $220 million in bonding being proposed for inclusion in the state budget by Governor Scott Walker. The likely location of a new arena at N. 4th St. and W. Juneau Ave. places it directly in the approved path of the streetcar. Following today’s vote, Alderman Bauman remarked “we may very well see an extension of the streetcar as part of the arena.” The streetcar has an approved and engineered route of 3.6 miles, of which 2.5 miles are being built following today’s vote. The engineering for the longer route will lower the cost and shorten the timeline of future extensions.
Alderman Robert Bauman
Alderman Bauman has been the leading advocate for the proposed system since its inception and has been very vocal on the topic for years. In a media scrum following the vote, Bauman chastised the behavior of project opponents, particularly alderman Davis noting “opponents have intentionally distorted facts.” Bauman remarked that “Davis has been misrepresenting tax incremental financing for two and a half months… Diversion does not existing in the world of tax incremental financing.” He noted that Davis has approved over $200 million TIF districts prior to this one, and never raised a concern about Milwaukee Public Schools before. Bauman, remarking that he would say it on the record so everyone understand, stated “there is no diversion from MPS for this project.” Davis’s claims about the streetcar diverting funds from Milwaukee Public Schools was given a Mostly False rating by Politifact.
Tackling another hot opposition issue, that of streetcars running in snow, Bauman stated “they’ve been running in snow for over 100 years.” He noted the past systems that were ripped out ran in snow and has repeatedly offered up Toronto’s large streetcar system that operates in a cold weather climate.
The Mayor intends to sign the legislation approving the streetcar at a ceremony today at the Pabst Theater. The ceremony will take place at 3 p.m. and is open to the public. The mayor will be signing four files that authorize the project, 141313, 141263, 141264 and 141323.
Video from the Mayor’s signing ceremony is now available.
Streetcar Maps and Renderings
Urban Milwaukee Streetcar Coverage
- Who’s Lobbying for the Streetcar – Bruce Murphy – February 5th, 2015
- Will Streetcar Help the Inner City? – Bruce Thompson – February 4th, 2015
- City Attorney Says Streetcar Petitions Might be Moot – Bruce Murphy – January 30th, 2015
- Millennials And The Streetcar – Bruce Thompson – January 27th, 2015
- Streetcar Responses Show Wide Support – Jeramey Jannene – January 22nd, 2015
- Streetcar Approved, but Held – Jeramey Jannene – January 21st, 2015
- Koch-Funded Group Backs Anti-Streetcar Drive – Bruce Murphy – January 20th, 2015
- Streetcar Backers Say They Have the Votes – Jeramey Jannene – January 20th, 2015
- Who is Funding the Anti-Streetcar Effort? – Bruce Murphy – January 20th, 2015
- Will Anti-Streetcar Referendum Succeed? – Bruce Murphy – January 9th, 2015
- The Story Behind the Streetcar Referendum – Michael Horne and Bruce Murphy – January 8th, 2015
- Council Delays Streetcar Until January – Jeramey Jannene – December 16th, 2014
- Committee Takes No Action on Streetcar – Jeramey Jannene – December 10th, 2014
- Committee Approves Milwaukee Streetcar – Jeramey Jannene – December 9th, 2014
- RACM Approves Tax Funding for Streetcar – Michael Horne – December 8th, 2014
- How to Sell the Streetcar – Michael Horne – November 28th, 2014
- Next Stops for the Streetcar – Michael Horne – November 24th, 2014
- Barrett Moving Forward with Streetcar – Jeramey Jannene – November 18th, 2014
- Who Will Be Streetcar Operator – Michael Horne – May 8th, 2014
- A Streetcar Named Cooperation? – Dave Reid – April 27th, 2014
- How a Streetcar Spurs Development – Angie Schmitt – November 3rd, 2013
- Streetcar Social – Michael Horne – September 12th, 2013
- Mayor Says Streetcar is a “Trojan Horse” – Michael Horne – April 17th, 2013
- Whoops, We Changed Our Mind – Dave Reid – September 27th, 2012
- Battle of the Bobs: Donovan vs Bauman Streetcar Press Conference – Jeramey Jannene – May 18th, 2012
- Important Hoan Bridge and Milwaukee Streetcar Meetings This Week – Dave Reid – November 14th, 2011
- Milwaukee Streetcar Passes Common Council – Jeramey Jannene – July 26th, 2011
- Keep the Milwaukee Streetcar Moving Forward – Jeramey Jannene – July 8th, 2011
- Milwaukee Streetcar at Apex – Jeramey Jannene – June 16th, 2011
- Milwaukee Streetcar Takes Key Step Forward – Jeramey Jannene – May 6th, 2010
- Milwaukee Streetcar Meeting This Thursday – Jeramey Jannene – October 5th, 2009
- Milwaukee Streetcar Routes Unveiled by Mayor Barrett – Jeramey Jannene – September 21st, 2009
- Milwaukee Streetcar Round-Up – Jeramey Jannene – April 19th, 2009
- Vote for your Favorite Milwaukee Streetcar Route – Jeramey Jannene – March 25th, 2009
- Design Your Own Streetcar Route – Jeramey Jannene – March 23rd, 2009
- Streetcars Coming to Milwaukee – Dave Reid – March 14th, 2009