Better Than Breier Isn’t Good Enough
Milwaukee Police aren’t using bullets and billy clubs on protesters. But that’a low bar by which to measure improvement.
Was the Jim Crow era acceptable because it was not slavery?
That’s the logic used by Milwaukee Police Department‘s Assistant Chief, Michael Brunson when he claimed that MPD’s use of rubber bullets and tear gas is just fine because it isn’t as bad as the MPD in the 1960’s and the use of “a handgun and a billy club.”
Brunson was referencing the Chief Harold Breier era when Milwaukee cops treated black citizens as hostile invaders.
In 1967 when Father James Groppi and the NAACP Youth Council led marches for 200 straight days protesting housing segregation and other discrimination, Breier’s force routinely harassed Youth Council members and jailed them for minor offenses like littering or jaywalking. When marchers were pelted with bottles and rocks, the MPD did nothing to protect them. He even ordered his cops at the marches to hide their badges so they couldn’t be identified when brutalizing protesters.
There were calls for police reform then such as foot patrols so officers would get to know people in the community and for cops to work with citizens block-watch groups to reduce crime. But Breier resisted any change. He trashed efforts to integrate Milwaukee Public Schools, calling them, “bussing crime all over the city.” Recently deceased Milwaukee Journal Sentinel columnist Eugene Kane called Breier, “a racist administrator, a borderline fascist, and the man who contributed to the segregated reputation of Milwaukee more than any other.”
Worst of all, Breier’s officers routinely got away with murdering Milwaukee’s black citizens:
- 1972 19-year-old Jacqueline Ford: shot and killed in her own home by a white detective who claimed his gun fired when he slipped on the steps of her upper flat apartment.
- 1974: Jerry Brookshire: killed by a Milwaukee cop who claimed his gun fired — by accident — as he fell. When eyewitness Ola Mae Davis reported that Brookshire was unarmed and shot while climbing a fence, first her home was firebombed, then the motel she had to move to was burned down.
- 1974: Breier’s finest raided an apartment building allegedly looking for a murder suspect. In the process, they shot and murdered Johnnie Starks and killed Mary Pendleton in a fire started by their tear gas, neither ever charged with a crime.
- 1975-1979: A U.S. Department of Justice investigation found that 22 people died in MPD custody during this time.
None of these cops was disciplined or convicted.
By 1981 the community had enough, and its protests resulted in some change. Ernest Lacy, picked up by police as a suspect for a rape he didn’t commit, was held by police with his face in a gutter and a knee on his back. He was never offered first aid and shortly thereafter died in police custody. One officer was eventually fired, four suspended, none convicted.
The Lacy murder sparked marches and a large protest movement that led to Wisconsin’s legislature eliminating lifetime appointments for police chiefs, leading to Breier’s retirement.
Rather than defend the status quo by claiming to be less evil than the worst in our history, Brunson and his boss, Chief Alfonso Morales, should listen and act on the demands of the community as articulated by protesters.
They should ban the use of choke holds, create a publicly accessible database of excessive-force encounters, end their quest for and use of military equipment, require officers to de-escalate situations, prohibit the use of deadly force until they’ve exhausted all other reasonable means. The legislature should once again mandate that Milwaukee police live and pay taxes in the community they serve.
Finally, Mayor Tom Barrett and the Common Council must redirect millions of dollars from the police budget to community-based organizations and mental-health intervenors. We need to reverse the shredding of social safety nets that has left police having to deal with social and mental health problems they’re not trained for.
These actions would surely lead to safer neighborhoods. Perhaps they might also result in Brunson and Morales getting the message that Milwaukee citizens deserve a police department that works with, not against, the community, rather than one slightly better than Harold Breier’s.
- 300 Days of Black Lives Matters Protests - Isiah Holmes - Mar 29th, 2021
- Murphy’s Law: 8 Ways Police Mishandled Protests - Bruce Murphy - Mar 24th, 2021
- Milwaukee Police Helped Patrol Tosa Protests? - Isiah Holmes - Mar 17th, 2021
- Evers Reflects on Year of Pandemic, Protests - Shawn Johnson - Dec 28th, 2020
- The Year of the National Guard - Jenny Peek - Dec 28th, 2020
- Baldwin Questions U.S. Marshall’s Role in Tosa Protests - Isiah Holmes - Dec 19th, 2020
- Op Ed: Vote No on COPS Grant - Markasa Tucker - Dec 18th, 2020
- People’s Revolution Marks 200 Days of Protest - Graham Kilmer - Dec 15th, 2020
- Supervisor Clancy Applauds Activists on 200th Day of Protests - Sup. Ryan Clancy - Dec 14th, 2020
- The “Molotov Cocktail” That Wasn’t - Jeramey Jannene - Oct 23rd, 2020
Read more about 2020 Racial Justice Protests here