Wisconsin Public Radio

UW System Considers Automatic Admission of High School Graduates

Goal is to stem enrollment declines and improve access to higher education.

By , Wisconsin Public Radio - Aug 20th, 2022 02:45 pm
UWM Sandburg Residence Halls. Photo by Christopher Hillard.

UWM Sandburg Residence Halls. Photo by Christopher Hillard.

The University of Wisconsin System is considering automatically admitting high school graduates to its campuses in hopes of stemming enrollment declines and boosting college access.

The percentage of high school students enrolling at the state’s 13 universities has been falling since 2013, according to UW System data. Historically, 32 percent of high school grads have enrolled at UW schools immediately after graduation. That fell to about 27 percent in 2020.

During a Thursday meeting of the UW Board of Regents in Green Bay, members heard a presentation about how a policy known as “direct admissions” could temper the trend.

University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign Professor of Higher Education Jennifer Delaney has researched the approach and told the board direct admissions works by offering automatic admission to high school seniors who meet certain grade point average or standardized test score thresholds.

She said direct admissions sidesteps the traditional application process, which places the impetus on students and parents to fill out multiple college applications in hopes of getting a response. With direct admissions, students, parents and high school counselors are proactively notified about an open spot.

“Right now, we’re having individuals do individual searches for college,” said Delaney. “Those with parents who’ve gone to college have a real advantage.”

Delaney said moving toward a universal admissions policy could help reduce racial and income-based disparities in higher education.

“We’ve gone for a long time in this country thinking that open access institutions means there’s a place for everyone,” Delaney said. “But students don’t always know that, and particularly more vulnerable populations don’t know what open access means or that there’s a place for them.”

The direct admissions approach is relatively new. Idaho was the first state to try it in 2015. Other states like Hawaii and Minnesota have followed suit.

UW-Madison education professor Taylor Odle has researched the topic with Delaney and said more than 120,000 high school students in Idaho have been proactively admitted to college since direct admissions started.

Odle said data shows Idaho and other states using automatic admissions have seen results.

“We actually find that these impacts at the campus level range from between 4 and 8 percent for full-time undergraduate enrollees,” said Odle. “And this was predominantly driven by new in-state students coming in.”

Odle said Idaho also noted a 3 percent decrease in the number of high school students leaving to attend out-of-state colleges.

Minnesota has launched a direct admissions pilot program beginning this fall in which students, high schools and public or private colleges can opt in. Individual schools can set their own GPA thresholds.

Regents discuss college affordability

Later on Thursday, regents heard a presentation about how college affordability may play into declining enrollment. UW System Associate Vice President for Policy Analysis and Research Ben Passmore told the board that all UW schools are more affordable than peer institutions relative to the average family income of students.

“But the general rise in costs in higher education since the beginning of this century and accelerating as we got through the Great Recession, have impacted the perceived and the actual affordability,” said Passmore. “And it leaves us with a substantial problem to be solved.”

Passmore said data show the number of new UW System freshmen from families making more than $100,000 per year has increased from 29 percent of the 2011 cohort to 46 percent in the 2020-21 school year.

“And that is not because we’ve gotten richer,” said Passmore. “It’s because our students, the students that we are attracting, are from wealthier families.”

Passmore said the same is true even for first-generation college students and those from groups the UW System identify as underrepresented.

Passmore said the portion of students from the wealthiest families is likely higher. Family income data comes from the Free Application for Federal Application for Federal Student Aid and students from wealthier families generally don’t fill out the application.

Since the 2011-12 school year, the average, annual cost of attendance at UW schools has risen from $18,046 to $21,896, according to UW System data. That’s despite a freeze on in-state tuition increases that’s been in place since 2013.

With financial aid taken into account, the average net cost per year at UW system schools has increased from $12,129 in the 2011-2012 school year to $14,468 in the 2020-21 school year, according to UW data.

Listen to the WPR report here.

UW System considering automatic admissions for in-state high school graduates was originally published by Wisconsin Public Radio.

3 thoughts on “UW System Considers Automatic Admission of High School Graduates”

  1. frank a schneiger says:

    A brief historic note. As a low-performing (350th out of 380) “first in the family” high-school graduate from a low-income immigrant family in the year 1959, “college” was not seen as a logical, desirable or worthwhile choice for me. But, to me, neither was the assembly line at American Motors.

    Fortunately, for me and lots of others like me, there was one school with “open admissions,” the equivalent of today’s “direct admissions.” That school was UWM. You were admitted, but then it was sink or swim. Lots of us swam.

    But, beyond admission, there was another consideration that made college and UWM possible. Money. Tuition was $80/semester, or the equivalent of roughly $2,000 adjusted. And, get your books at Mike Green’s Used Book Store. UWM became a life changing experience.

    Even as a commuting/live at home student, I am certain that I never would have gone to college at today’s UWM tuition rates. And there are lots of kids like me today in Milwaukee. Admission and accessibility aren’t the same thing.

  2. kaygeeret says:

    I share many of Frank’s memories.
    I graduated HS in 1963 and I remember seeing some schools…not touring, but we went to Madison a few times and I saw the campus. On a day trip to Chicago, we passed Northwestern and drove thru the grounds.

    I knew I/we could not afford either and, to be fair, I am not sure I would have thrived at either school. I was shy, etc.

    I paid for UWM myself thru part time jobs. My folks let me live at home rent free and did not make me babysit the younger sibs. I didn’t have many restrictions and as a sophomore I wound up having a car – which I paid for. To be fair it was an old 50’s SAAB which needed a quart of oil poured into the gas tank before I would get a fill of gas. To be sure, I had some interesting conversations with the guys who filled our gas tanks in those days (no pump your own for us!)

    My biggest shock was the cost of books, even used.

    I found a home in the Debate club and made lifelong friends. Like Frank I would not have gone to college w/o UWM.

  3. NieWiederKrieg says:

    Health care and college are free for nearly every country on Earth, except for the United States of America.. Joe Biden said he was going to give us free health care, if we voted for him… Instead, Biden started 2-3 more wars and killed thousands of women and children.

    What is the difference between a Democrat and a Republican, according to Malcolm X?…

    Malcom X – difference between liberals and conservatives (clip from Malcoms Disciples’s video) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sXIlaMkaKDE

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