City’s Dining Scene Is Nationally Unique
Fewer restaurants per capita yet more are independently owned than in other cities
A recent analysis of Yelp data by the City Observatory found Milwaukee was a national “outlier” with “lots of independent (restaurants), yet “fewer restaurants per capita than one would expect.”
Generally speaking those cities with the most restaurants per capita also had the highest percentage of independent (non-chain) establishments. Milwaukee was the notable exception.
“One of the things that makes a city special and distinctive is its food and culture,” the analysis by Joe Cortright noted. “Too much of our modern life is indistinguishably the same from place to place. One McDonalds or Starbucks or Applebees offers, by design, virtually exactly the same experience as every other.”
Cortright used Yelp’s database of millions of restaurant reviews to do an analysis of how tastes are changing among diners choosing restaurants. The Yelp data “shows that consumers rate independent restaurants more highly than chains, and the gap has been growing,” Cortright explained. “Over the past five years, aggregate ratings for ratings for chain restaurants…have fallen, while ratings for independent restaurants… have risen. There’s no market in the nation where independent restaurants don’t command higher ratings, on average, than their chain counterparts.”
“In general, big cities and cities in the Northeast and West Coast tend to have the highest fraction of independent restaurants,” Cortright noted. “The top ten ranked cities include New York, Boston, Providence and Buffalo, and San Francisco, Seattle and Portland. Conversely, cities in the heartland and the sunbelt tend to have a higher fraction of chain restaurants… The top ten for chain market share includes Orlando, Dallas, Nashville, and Cincinnati.”
Yet midwestern Milwaukee was just outside the top 10, ranked 11th lowest in the portion of restaurants (about 18 percent) that were owned by chains. This was a much lower percentage than other mid-sized cities like Denver, Cleveland, St. Louis, Baltimore, and PIttsburgh. Yet those cities have more restaurants per capita than Milwaukee.
San Francisco was the leader in restaurants per capita with 23 per 10,000 population, while Phoenix, Tucson and Memphis were at the bottom, with have only about 14 restaurants per 10,000 population. Milwaukee ranked ahead of those three cities and two others (Houston and Tampa) in restaurants per capita, with 15 per 10,000 population.
Nashville was the other big outlier, with more restaurants per capita but relatively fewer independent restaurants, just the opposite of Milwaukee.
The closest city to Milwaukee was Minneapolis, with the same number of restaurants per capita, but a far bigger percentage of chain restaurants (about 23 percent) than Milwaukee. Among the more than 30 cities analyzed, why is Milwaukee so different than any other? Feel free to offer your opinions in the comments section.
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