Why We Need Term Limits
Shirley Abrahamson has served 39 years. Fred Risser has served 60 years. Maybe that's too long.
There is another dimension to the federal lawsuit filed by former Wisconsin Chief Justice Shirley Abrahamson to keep her chief’s epaulets for a few more years.
It is the broader issue of how long politicians should be allowed to stay in office. Abrahamson has been a justice for 39 years, the longest term is state history. She is the longest serving chief justice in the history of the country at 19 years.
But she is short timer compared to Sen. Fred Risser, a Madison Democrat who has held his safe seat since statehood. Well, that’s an overstatement. It only seems that long. He’s been in the legislature for 60 years, which makes him the longest serving legislator in the history of the United States.
Ironically, Madison is supposed to be the home of progressive thought in the state and country, but holding office for life can only be seen as regressive. Fresh ideas and geriatric political records don’t match up. Do these political dinosaurs use smart phones?
Wisconsin legislative leaders and voters got a constitutional amendment passed to correct the automatic award of the chief justice job to the most senior justice.
That’s a step in the right direction, but how about a bolder move? How about term limits on all political jobs at the state level?
Thirty-six states have some limits on governor terms, and 15 limit legislative terms. But, in 1995, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down in a 5-4 decision attempts by states to limit congressional terms.
And a GOP-led push in Congress in the 1990s for term limits came close but eventually failed to get enough votes for a constitutional amendment.
Gerrymandered Congressional seas became safer and safer, so there has been no recent push by incumbents to limit their own longevity. Life, pay and perquisites in the seat of power are good.
There are many reasons to follow other states for limits on state offices. For one, term limits blunt some to some extent the impact of big money in elections. You can’t buy a politico for life if there are term limits.
For another, turnover creates the possibility of fresh thinking from the next generations of candidates for office.
The must be something in our water that encourages Wisconsin pols to hang on for decades. Rep. David Obey retired after 42 years in Congress. Rep. Tom Petri stepped down after 38. Rep. James Sensenbrenner has been in office 39 years and counting. They will carry him out. Russ Feingold served for 18 years in the U. S. Senate and 10 years in the Wisconsin legislature. He is now running for another six-year term in the old boys’ club.
The federal fix is in, but there is room for reform at the state level. Two ten-year terms on the Wisconsin Supreme Court should be plenty. The common denominator for legislative tenure in states with term limits is 12 to 14 years. Let’s be progressive and follow their lead.
It’s time for another Wisconsin constitutional amendment.