Where The Great Lakes Compact Ends and Wisconsin Law Begins
Why the Waukesha and Foxconn water diversions involve different rules.
Wisconsin has yet to wrap up one big conversation about how it uses Great Lakes water, and is already embarking upon another. The city of Waukesha secured permission in 2016 to use about 8 million gallons per day from Lake Michigan to replace its overburdened, radium-tainted groundwater supply. Less than two years later, Taiwan-based electronics manufacturer Foxconn, working through the Racine Water Utility, is seeking permission to use some 7 million gallons a day from the lake for an LCD screen factory complex in the village of Mount Pleasant.
In following both the Waukesha and Foxconn bids for Lake Michigan’s water, it’s easy to get turned around. An especially tangled point is where the rules of the Great Lakes Compact begin and the discretion of the Wisconsin Legislature and state regulators begins.
Before the Great Lakes Compact was enacted, though, Congress had to pass it. Before that national phase, the deal was ratified in the legislatures of the eight Great Lakes states: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin. Some of the work of enforcing the Compact is at a regional level, with the eight states negotiating with each other and, if called for, convening a vote of their governors. But the rest of the enforcement is delegated to the states themselves to handle internally; state legislatures and regulators are charged with making sure standards of water use and environmental quality are met within their own borders.
No state has the power to unilaterally alter the terms of the Compact, but they have some discretion as to how specifically they enforce them. With thousands of cities and industrial users within the Great Lakes Basin withdrawing and discharging water, that work is spread out among multiple agencies. In Wisconsin, the Department of Natural Resources handles implementing the Compact, and is also largely responsible for enforcing federal environmental regulations at the state level. And in addition to enforcing the Compact and federal law, the eight signatory states each have to craft environmental regulations that make sense for their own specific situations.
So, where does the Great Lakes Compact end and state law begin? That isn’t so clear-cut. Wisconsin had to ratify the Compact like its seven fellow Great Lakes states, so effectively its terms are actually encoded into Wisconsin’s state statutes (281.343), in addition to existing as a regional agreement enshrined in federal law.
Different sides of boundary lines
In the parlance of the Great Lakes Compact and regional water politics, both Waukesha and Foxconn-via-Racine are asking for what’s known as a diversion — essentially, taking water out of the Great Lakes Basin. The basin line is a hydrologic boundary, which means that water on one side cannot cross to the other without human intervention. It’s also the boundary around which the rules of water access in the lakes revolve.
Under the terms of the Compact, it’s all about where a user is in relation to that line, and it creates essentially three different kinds of users:
1. If a city or industrial user is taking water from the Great Lakes but not sending it anywhere outside of the Basin, they’re more or less entitled to that use, and subject to the same state-level permits and regulations as anyone else distributing drinking water. and/or discharging wastewater.
2. A public water utility whose service area is straddling the basin line — partially in and partially out — is also allowed to use Great Lakes water, but must adhere to a few broad standards. Additionally, if this use creates a new consumptive use of 5 million gallons per day or more, it can trigger a non-binding regional review from the other Great Lakes states.
It’s this category in which Racine’s proposal to send water to the Foxconn factory falls, at least according to the company and city’s water utility. A private user, like an industrial facility, cannot directly divert water out of the Great Lakes Basin. Foxconn contends that it’s following the Compact’s and state’s rules because it’s purchasing water from a public utility, and because the infrastructure that will be built out to bring it the water will also benefit other users along its route.
Opponents of the Foxconn diversion are crying foul, saying it exists for the benefit of a private company. Again, it’s utterly common for public utilities to sell water to industrial users as well as to households, but there’s little dispute that state and local officials are pursuing this diversion at Foxconn’s behest, and putting up a lot of public money to do it.
3. A water utility whose service area is wholly outside the Basin, but inside a county that straddles the basin line, is not entitled to the water. However, the utility can apply for a diversion if it agrees to meet somewhat stricter conditions, and if the governors of all eight Great Lakes states unanimously approve it. Among other things, the utility must convince the eight governors that it doesn’t have a reasonable alternative for meeting its water needs.
Waukesha is an example of this type of use. In fact, Waukesha is the first-ever straddling-county community to seek access to Great Lakes water under the Compact. That’s one reason Waukesha’s diversion was so controversial and so long-fought — it didn’t just impact that city or the Milwaukee region, but it also set a precedent for how the Compact might be applied the next time a water utility asks for a diversion outside the Great Lakes Basin.
On a more obscure note, the Great Lakes Compact also provides for “intrabasin transfer.” That’s a term for moving water from one point in the Great Lakes Basin to another.
For instance, it would apply if for some reason a utility proposed piping Lake Michigan water to a community within the Lake Superior section of the Basin. But “that hasn’t popped up at all yet,” said Pete Johnson, deputy director of the Conference of Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Governors and Premiers, which works to encourage coordinated economic and environmental policy in the region, and precedes the Compact.
Straddling state power and regional water politics
The biggest policy distinction among different types of Great Lakes water users is between the straddling communities and the straddling-county communities. The former type of user might be taking some water out of the Great Lakes Basin, but it’s largely up to the state in which it’s taking place to regulate and approve it. The latter type of user must make its case to a body of eight governors charged with enforcing a legally binding multi-state agreement enshrined in federal law.
In the former case, the Great Lakes Compact still very much applies, but it’s essentially delegated to the states to enforce it.
“The Compact is written so that the originating state has the review authority for that, and so there can be some comment provided, but there’s no review or approval process from any of the regional bodies,” said Lawrie Kobza, a Madison-based lawyer who has worked with Wisconsin water utilities including Racine’s (but has not dealt directly with the Foxconn matter).
One further wrinkle is though the terms of the Compact are enshrined in the statutes of each individual Great Lakes state, they’re a little different in each. These distinctions exist because each state has different environmental regulations and different methods for implementing its share of the Compact, said Adam Freihoefer, who heads the water use section at the Wisconsin DNR and is in charge of overseeing the permitting process for the Foxconn diversion. When asked how Foxconn and Racine’s permit would differ from any other wastewater-discharge permit the state issues, he explained that it really wouldn’t.
“They have to return the water and they have to meet the water quality standards in the water that’s being returned,” Freihoefer said.
“If this was all moved east, none of this would be an issue,” he added.
As the DNR seeks public comment on the Foxconn permit and holds public meetings, the most common concern is that Racine would essentially be diverting massive amounts of water to serve a private for-profit company.
“It’s something legally we need to look at…I don’t really have any answer on where we sit with that,” Freihoefer said.
Kobza takes the view that utilities serving water to industrial users is an environmental plus.
“That’s typical and frankly that’s better, because you’ve got kind of a unified provider coordinating all the water uses within the state, where you end up having problems,” Kobza said. “Then you have conservation requirements and someone who can impose them.”
The Racine Water Utility isn’t using anywhere close the amount of Great Lakes water that it already has permission to use, and will still be well within its rights even if it does add 7 million gallons more per day for Foxconn. The manufacturing complex plans on an eye-popping 39 percent consumptive use — meaning just 61 percent of the water it takes would be returned to the Great Lakes Basin. But this level does not create 5 millions per day of new consumptive use, so it’s still within the state’s discretion to allow under the Great Lakes Compact.
What if Foxconn gets its permission to use 7 million gallons per day from Racine — including about 2.7 million gallons per day of consumptive use — gets its manufacturing operations going, and then decides to ramp things up and ask for more water?
When new consumptive use does hit or exceed that 5 million gallons per day threshold, again, it triggers a regional review involving all eight Great Lakes states. This review does not provide any legally binding results, but can subject a state to some level of scrutiny and informal pressure from its Great Lakes neighbors.
There are already indications that other Great Lakes states are worried about the depleted and politically constrained Wisconsin DNR’s ability to enforce environmental regulations. The Waukesha diversion agreement received unanimous approval from the eight governors, but Minnesota officials insisted on including language reaffirming other states’ ability to hold each other to account under the compact.
If another state in the Great Lakes Basin becomes convinced that Wisconsin isn’t properly enforcing the compact — whether in the case of Waukesha, Racine (and Foxconn), or any other withdrawal or discharge — it can raise a complaint.
“Any Person aggrieved by a Party action shall be entitled to a hearing pursuant to the relevant Party’s administrative procedures and laws,” the Compact reads.
Johnson explained that this type of complaint would first lead to a review of the issue in question under the administrative review processes Wisconsin’s environmental regulations provide for. If that doesn’t work out to the aggrieved party’s satisfaction, they can take the matter to court. But barring that, a large part of making the Great Lakes Compact work really is up to the individual states, working through their legislatures and environmental agencies.
Where The Great Lakes Compact Ends And Wisconsin Law Begins was originally published on WisContext which produced the article in a partnership between Wisconsin Public Radio, Wisconsin Public Television and Cooperative Extension.
More about the Foxconn Facility
- Walker’s Foxconn Flop Tour Continues - State Sen. Jennifer Shilling - Jul 16th, 2018
- MKE County: Talks May Start on Bus to Foxconn - Graham Kilmer - Jul 12th, 2018
- Op Ed: Foxconn Will Be Major Source of Pollution - David H. Petering - Jul 9th, 2018
- Murphy’s Law: Is Foxconn Double Crossing Walker? - Bruce Murphy - Jul 3rd, 2018
- The State of Politics: Foxconn Deal Has Divided the State - Steven Walters - Jul 2nd, 2018
- Campaign Cash: Foxconn Winners Give Big to Walker - Wisconsin Democracy Campaign - Jun 29th, 2018
- Foxconn to Expand Wisconn Valley Innovation Center Network to Green Bay, Wisconsin - Foxconn Technology Group - Jun 29th, 2018
- Governor Walker Celebrates Wisconsin Winning the First LCD Manufacturing Facility in North America Foxconn breaks ground on $10 billion investment - Gov. Scott Walker - Jun 28th, 2018
- Op Ed: Foxconn Deal Will Help My City - Racine Mayor Cory Mason - Jun 28th, 2018
- Foxconn breaking promises before they’ve even broke ground - Democratic Party of Wisconsin - Jun 28th, 2018
- Op Ed: Foxconn Deal Already Paying Dividends - Mark R. Hogan - Jun 26th, 2018
- Village of Mount Pleasant to Certify Foxconn Redevelopment & Blight Resolution in Illegal Meeting - A Better Mt. Pleasant - Jun 19th, 2018
- Foxconn to Adopt World-Class Water Recycling Technology at Wisconn Valley Science and Technology Park - Foxconn Technology Group - Jun 19th, 2018
- Foxconn’s North American Headquarters Opening Downtown - Graham Kilmer - Jun 15th, 2018
- The Contrarian: Highways Issue Will Hurt Republicans - George Mitchell - Jun 15th, 2018
- Challenge to Diversion of Great Lakes Water for Foxconn Moves Forward Amidst an Upsurge of Support for the Compact - Midwest Environmental Advocates - Jun 14th, 2018
- GOP raids transportation fund for Foxconn (again) - State Sen. Jennifer Shilling - Jun 14th, 2018
- Matt Flynn Outlines Legal Strategy to Stop Foxconn - Matt Flynn - Jun 13th, 2018
- Eyes on Milwaukee: Could Foxconn Build Plants Elsewhere in Wisconsin? - Jeramey Jannene - Jun 11th, 2018
- Groups Challenge Legality of Foxconn’s Water Diversion - Chuck Quirmbach - May 29th, 2018
- Diversion of Great Lakes Water for Foxconn Challenged - Milwaukee Riverkeeper - May 25th, 2018
- Kelda Roys Releases Video Featuring Homeowners to be Evicted by Foxconn - Kelda Roys - May 25th, 2018
- Foxconn may break promises to Wisconsin before they even break ground - Democratic Party of Wisconsin - May 23rd, 2018
- Rep. Wachs Responds to News That Foxconn is Cutting Its Investment in Wisconsin - State Rep. Dana Wachs - May 23rd, 2018
- Op Ed: Crony Capitalism of Walker, Hammes, Foxconn - Matt Rothschild - May 22nd, 2018
- Op Ed: Why Democrats Should Embrace Foxconn - Gregory Humphrey - May 21st, 2018
- Roys Makes Foxconn Issue in Governor Race - Chuck Quirmbach - May 16th, 2018
- Follow The Money: Foxconn Edition - Andy Gronik - May 15th, 2018
- Foxconn ties to Walker campaign exposed - State Sen. Jennifer Shilling - May 15th, 2018
- Gov. Scott Walker Orders No Increases for Priorities Like Road Funding, Job Training in Next State Budget - One Wisconsin Now - May 15th, 2018
- Foxconn, Kwik Trip projects receive national acclaim - Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation - May 14th, 2018
- Rep. Wachs Says Walker is Using Taxpayer Money to Line the Pockets of His Donors - State Rep. Dana Wachs - May 14th, 2018
- Mount Pleasant Village Officials Threaten and Censor Foxconn Area Residents - A Better Mt. Pleasant - May 14th, 2018
- Op Ed: Foxconn Deal Will Actually Lose Jobs - William L. Holahan and Charles O. Kroncke - May 11th, 2018
- 2,900-Acre Plan for Foxconn Passed - Chuck Quirmbach - May 10th, 2018
- Flynn Statement on the Illinois Foxconn Lawsuit Against EPA - Matt Flynn - May 7th, 2018
- ICYMI: Illinois to sue EPA over Foxconn pollution - Democratic Party of Wisconsin - May 7th, 2018
- Foxconn Deal Proving Lucrative … For Donors to Gov. Walker’s Campaign - One Wisconsin Now - May 7th, 2018
- Governor Walker Tours State Touting Wisconsin’s Foxconn Bonus - Gov. Scott Walker - May 7th, 2018
- Evers Blasts Walker for Funneling More Tax Dollars to Foxconn - Superintendent of Public Instruction Tony Evers - May 3rd, 2018
- Back in the News: Pruitt Ruling Allows Foxconn Pollution - Bruce Murphy - May 3rd, 2018
- Shilling Statement on Foxconn - State Sen. Jennifer Shilling - Apr 26th, 2018
- The Contrarian Professor - Scott Gordon - Apr 26th, 2018
- Statement on DNR approval of Racine water diversion - Clean Wisconsin - Apr 25th, 2018
- DNR approves straddling community diversion application from city of Racine - Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources - Apr 25th, 2018
- Bryce Issues Statement on Walker’s Approval of Foxconn’s Air Pollution - Randy Bryce - Apr 24th, 2018
- Legality of Foxconn’s Water Use At Issue - Scott Gordon - Apr 22nd, 2018
- Murphy’s Law: The Full File on Foxconn - Bruce Murphy - Apr 17th, 2018
- Racine Diversion Request Raises Serious Questions; Compact Coalition Urges Regional Review - Compact Implementation Coalition - Apr 16th, 2018
- Foxconn to hold information session for Milwaukee contractors - Ald. Khalif Rainey - Apr 13th, 2018
- Eyes on Milwaukee: Will Foxconn Employ Any Milwaukeeans? - Jeramey Jannene - Apr 12th, 2018
- Ryan departure leaves Foxconn future in question - State Sen. Jennifer Shilling - Apr 12th, 2018
- Release of Council report to ramp up scrutiny of Foxconn development - Ald. Bob Bauman - Apr 11th, 2018
- Op Ed: Billions for Foxconn, Failure for Rural Wisconsin - State Sen. Jon Erpenbach - Apr 9th, 2018
- Where The Great Lakes Compact Ends and Wisconsin Law Begins - Scott Gordon - Apr 5th, 2018
- Murphy’s Law: How Foxconn Will Pollute Wisconsin - Bruce Murphy - Apr 3rd, 2018
- Eyes on Milwaukee: Commuter Rail to Foxconn Proposed - Jeramey Jannene - Mar 28th, 2018
- Op Ed: Journal Sentinel Promotes Phony Foxconn “Report” - Michael Rosen and Charlie Dee - Mar 28th, 2018
- Transit options for Foxconn plant on agenda for Public Transportation Review Board - Ald. Bob Bauman - Mar 27th, 2018
- Op Ed: Why Did MMAC Do Foxconn Study? - James Rowen - Mar 24th, 2018
- Foxconn Package Returns $18 in Economic Impact for Every $1 in State Incentive - Metropolitan Milwaukee Association of Commerce - Mar 23rd, 2018
- Petitioners Oppose Foxconn’s Great Lakes Raid - Wisconsin League of Conservation Voters - Mar 22nd, 2018
- Governor Walker Announces Process for Wisconsin Companies to Bid on Work Related to Foxconn Construction - Gov. Scott Walker - Mar 21st, 2018
- Rep. Dana Wachs Says Foxconn Contracts Already Going Out of State - State Rep. Dana Wachs - Mar 20th, 2018
- Matt Flynn Exposes the False Numbers of the Foxconn Fiasco, Vows to Terminate the Contract - Matt Flynn - Mar 15th, 2018
- Op Ed: Foxconn Water Request Violates Law - James Rowen - Mar 12th, 2018
- Work on WIS 20 set to begin March 15t - Wisconsin Department of Transportation - Mar 9th, 2018
- Bus Line to Foxconn Could Transport Workers - Graham Kilmer - Mar 7th, 2018
- Foxconn Water Raid Gets First Hearing - Wisconsin League of Conservation Voters - Mar 7th, 2018
- Murphy’s Law: Foxconn Deal Gets Even Worse - Bruce Murphy - Mar 6th, 2018
- New Marquette Law School Poll finds Wisconsin voters divided on benefits of Foxconn deal, but together in support of background checks for gun sales - Marquette University - Mar 5th, 2018
- City Hall: City Will Contest Foxconn Power Deal - Jeramey Jannene - Feb 27th, 2018
- Foxconn Seeks to Raid the Great Lakes - Wisconsin League of Conservation Voters - Feb 22nd, 2018
- Governor Walker Announces International Mold and Production Relocating Operations from Illinois to Wisconsin - Gov. Scott Walker - Feb 16th, 2018
- Dana Wachs Critiques Gov. Walker’s Photo Op with President Trump, Calls for Real Transportation Solutions - State Rep. Dana Wachs - Feb 12th, 2018
- Eyes on Milwaukee: Plan Provides Amtrak Service for Foxconn - Jeramey Jannene - Feb 8th, 2018
- Expanded Amtrak service for Foxconn plant on agenda for Public Transportation Review Board - Ald. Bob Bauman - Feb 7th, 2018
- Foxconn to replace 10,000 workers in Taiwan with robots - State Rep. David Bowen - Feb 7th, 2018
- Eyes on Milwaukee: Foxconn HQ In Downtown Milwaukee - Jeramey Jannene - Feb 6th, 2018
- Wisconsin’s Foxconn Bonus: Foxconn Purchases Building in Downtown Milwaukee from Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance - Gov. Scott Walker - Feb 6th, 2018
- The Contrarian: Foxconn Not Helping Walker? - George Mitchell - Feb 2nd, 2018
- Op Ed: Hire Local Unemployed at Foxconn - Michael Rosen - Feb 2nd, 2018
- Wisconsin Budget: $1.6 Billion of Foxconn Payout Won’t Create Jobs - Tamarine Cornelius - Jan 31st, 2018
- Foxconn’s investment in Wisconsin named ‘Deal of the Year’ by Business Facilities Magazine - Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation - Jan 25th, 2018
- Resolution seeks to spare Milwaukee We Energies ratepayers from huge Foxconn bill - Ald. Bob Bauman - Jan 17th, 2018
- Governor Walker Announces Wisconsin Career Creator Plan to Support Long-Term Workforce Development Needs - Gov. Scott Walker - Jan 17th, 2018
- Wisconsin State Director of Strategic Economic Initiatives, Matthew Moroney to speak on the FOXCONN Development at AGC Corporate Dinner - Associated General Contractors of Greater Milwaukee - Jan 16th, 2018
- WisDOT soliciting bids for WIS 20 road work in Racine County - Wisconsin Department of Transportation - Jan 10th, 2018
- Op Ed: Foxconn’s Low Return on State Investment - John Torinus - Jan 8th, 2018
- Matt Flynn Attacks Green Light Given to Foxconn to Pollute Wetlands - Matt Flynn - Jan 4th, 2018
- Eyes on Milwaukee: City May Contest Foxconn Electricity Deal - Jeramey Jannene - Jan 4th, 2018
- Public Works Committee to discuss rate hike to fund work at Racine’s Foxconn facility - Ald. Bob Bauman - Jan 2nd, 2018
- Eyes on Milwaukee: Will Milwaukeeans Pay for Foxconn Power? - Jeramey Jannene - Dec 27th, 2017
- Eyes on Milwaukee: Should City Buy 500 Acres in Racine County? - Jeramey Jannene - Dec 23rd, 2017
- Murphy’s Law: Foxconn Subsidy Now Exceeds $4 Billion - Bruce Murphy - Dec 21st, 2017
- Gov. Walker’s Foxconn Scam Already Starting to Unravel as News Breaks of Additional $134 Million Cost to Taxpayers - State Rep. Dana Wachs - Dec 16th, 2017
- Eyes on Milwaukee: Could Milwaukee Build A Foxconn City? - Jeramey Jannene - Dec 13th, 2017
- State Senator Janis Ringhand statement on Foxconn earnings report - State Sen. Janis Ringhand - Nov 15th, 2017
- Foxconn Signing Is a Love Fest - Graham Kilmer - Nov 13th, 2017
- Andy Gronik Statement on Gov. Scott Walker’s Re-Election Foxconn Hail Mary - Andy Gronik - Nov 10th, 2017
- Governor Walker, Foxconn Chairman Gou Sign Historic Agreement to Bring $10 Billion World-Class Advanced Manufacturing Campus, 13,000 Jobs to Wisconsin - Gov. Scott Walker - Nov 10th, 2017
- One Wisconsin Now Statements on Gov. Walker Signing Contract to Implement Largest State Giveaway to A Foreign Corporation in U.S. History - One Wisconsin Now - Nov 10th, 2017
- Gov. Walker’s re-election Hail Mary falls short - State Sen. Jennifer Shilling - Nov 10th, 2017
- The Art of a Desperate Deal - Democratic Party of Wisconsin - Nov 10th, 2017
- Walker Accepts $3 Billion Liability, Rejects Accountability - State Sen. Lena Taylor - Nov 10th, 2017
- Murphy’s Law: Walker Retreats From Foxconn Deal - Bruce Murphy - Nov 9th, 2017
- Top Ten Reasons Wisconsin Got Conned - State Sen. Tim Carpenter - Nov 8th, 2017
- Matt Flynn Statement on the Foxconn Contract - Matt Flynn - Nov 8th, 2017
- Back in the News: WEDC Shifts on Foxconn Contract - Bruce Murphy - Nov 8th, 2017
- Democrats Continue to Lead the Fight to Protect Taxpayers on Foxconn - State Rep. Dianne Hesselbein - Nov 7th, 2017
- Rep. Sargent’s Statement on Second Request for Public Review of Foxconn Contract, WEDC Board’s Two-Day Review - State Rep. Melissa Sargent - Nov 7th, 2017
- WEDC — Seeing Contract Today, A Good First Step, Taxpayer Protection Still Top Priority - State Sen. Tim Carpenter - Nov 6th, 2017
- WisDOT applies for federal Infrastructure For Rebuilding America Grant - Wisconsin Department of Transportation - Oct 31st, 2017
- Gov. Scott Walker’s Foxconn Deal Widely Unpopular Amongst Wisconsinites - Andy Gronik - Oct 26th, 2017
- Murphy’s Law: The Secrets of Foxconn - Bruce Murphy - Oct 26th, 2017
- Matt Flynn Makes Statement on the Corrupt Handling of the Foxconn Contract by Walker’s WEDC - Matt Flynn - Oct 25th, 2017
- Walker jobs agency leaves taxpayers in the dark - State Sen. Jennifer Shilling - Oct 25th, 2017
- Op Ed: Can WEDC Oversee Foxconn Deal? - State Sen. Kathleen Vinehout - Oct 25th, 2017
- The WEDC: As Transparent as Trump with his Tax Return - State Rep. Jimmy Anderson - Oct 24th, 2017
- WEDC Audit Poses New Concerns on Foxconn Deal - State Sen. Lena Taylor - Oct 24th, 2017
- Audit of Walker jobs agency intensifies Foxconn concerns - State Sen. Jennifer Shilling - Oct 24th, 2017
- New poll shows Milwaukee area’s divided feelings on Foxconn, views on other topics as Marquette Law School launches expanded public policy program - Marquette University - Oct 24th, 2017
- Walker Administration Keeps Details of Foxconn Deal Secret as Agency Entrusted With Overseeing Deal Subject of Another Critical Review - One Wisconsin Now - Oct 24th, 2017
- Andy Gronik Urges WEDC To Release Foxconn Contract Details Before Vote, Collect Public Feedback - Andy Gronik - Oct 23rd, 2017
- Wisconsin Can’t Afford Another Foxconn “Nuclear Bomb” - Democratic Party of Wisconsin - Oct 20th, 2017
- What are Walker and Foxconn hiding? - Democratic Party of Wisconsin - Oct 17th, 2017
- Foxconn gamble shrouded in secrecy - State Sen. Jennifer Shilling - Oct 16th, 2017
- Court Watch: Foxconn Law Transforms State Courts - Margo Kirchner - Oct 12th, 2017
- Walker and Forty-Fifth President Sweeten Deal for Foxconn - State Sen. Lena Taylor - Sep 28th, 2017
- Walker picks Foxconn over Wisconsin schools and roads - State Sen. Jennifer Shilling - Sep 18th, 2017
- Governor Walker Signs Wisconn Valley Special Session Bill into Law - Gov. Scott Walker - Sep 18th, 2017
- The State of Politics: Mr. Gou – Your Turn - Steven Walters - Sep 18th, 2017
- Governor Walker Applauds Legislature for Approving Wisconn Valley Special Session Bill - Gov. Scott Walker - Sep 14th, 2017
- Governor Walker Releases Statement on Bipartisan Senate Passage of Wisconn Valley Special Session Legislation - Gov. Scott Walker - Sep 12th, 2017
- WEDC’s Poor Jobs Accountability Record Makes Foxconn Deal a Scandal Waiting to Happen - Citizen Action of Wisconsin - Sep 11th, 2017
- Op Ed: Foxconn Deal Suspends Judicial Rules - Wisconsin Democracy Campaign - Sep 11th, 2017
- GOP Puts $3 Billion Foxconn Thumb on Scales of Justice - One Wisconsin Now - Sep 5th, 2017
- Op Ed: Foxconn Multiplier Overstates New Jobs - William L. Holahan and Charles O. Kroncke - Sep 2nd, 2017
- Walker administration misleads on environmental rollbacks for Foxconn - State Rep. Katrina Shankland - Aug 31st, 2017
- Murphy’s Law: Newest Deal Shows Foxconn Flaws - Bruce Murphy - Aug 29th, 2017
- The State of Politics: Would Democratic Governor Kill Foxconn Deal? - Steven Walters - Aug 28th, 2017
- Op Ed: Illinois Loves Our Foxconn Deal - State Sen. Kathleen Vinehout - Aug 26th, 2017
- Biking: Foxconn, Biking and State Roads - Dave Cieslewicz - Aug 25th, 2017
- Op Ed: Foxconn Should Embrace Green Goals - John Torinus - Aug 24th, 2017
- Washington State Representative Offers Warning for Wisconsin on Foxconn - One Wisconsin Now - Aug 24th, 2017
- Murphy’s Law: Paper Peddles Bogus Foxconn Report - Bruce Murphy - Aug 23rd, 2017
- Representative Lisa Subeck Calls on Joint Finance Committee Co-Chairs to Focus on Budget, Prioritize People over Profits - State Rep. Lisa Subeck - Aug 22nd, 2017
- Governor Walker Highlights Opportunities Foxconn Brings for Wisconsin’s Healthcare Industry - Gov. Scott Walker - Aug 22nd, 2017
- The State of Politics: Foxconn Biggest Deal in State History - Steven Walters - Aug 21st, 2017
- Statewide Online Tool Assists Wisconsin Companies Seeking to Do Business with Foxconn - Gov. Scott Walker - Aug 21st, 2017
- The Senate Must be The Grownups in the Room… Again. - State Sen. Tim Carpenter - Aug 21st, 2017
- Op Ed: The Many Broken Promises of Foxconn - State Rep. David Bowen - Aug 20th, 2017
- Rep. Goyke Statement on Foxconn Special Session Bill - State Rep. Evan Goyke - Aug 18th, 2017
- Wisconsin Budget: Foxconn Could Take Till 2058 To Pay Off - Jon Peacock - Aug 18th, 2017
- Governor Walker Releases Statement on Bipartisan Assembly Passage of Wisconn Valley Special Session Legislation - Gov. Scott Walker - Aug 18th, 2017
- Republican Agenda Puts Corporate Welfare Package for Taiwanese Company Ahead of our Public Schools - State Rep. Dianne Hesselbein - Aug 17th, 2017
- Rep. Sinicki Votes No on Foxconn Package - State Rep. Christine Sinicki - Aug 17th, 2017
- Statement from Rep. Barca on the Assembly Passage of Foxconn Bill - State Rep. Peter Barca - Aug 17th, 2017
- Facts on Foxconn Trump Proponents’ Protestations Deal Would Benefit Wisconsin - One Wisconsin Now - Aug 17th, 2017
- Foxconn Debate Cheat Sheet - State Rep. Gordon Hintz - Aug 17th, 2017
- $3 Billion Foxconn Boondoggle Sells Out Wisconsin’s Future to Foreign Corporation - State Rep. Lisa Subeck - Aug 17th, 2017
- Op Ed: How to Get a Better Deal From Foxconn - John Torinus - Aug 17th, 2017
- Data Wonk: Will Foxconn Deal Fight Poverty? - Bruce Thompson - Aug 16th, 2017
- Governor Walker Moderates Foxconn Roundtable Discussion in Green Bay - Gov. Scott Walker - Aug 16th, 2017
- Op Ed: Where Will Foxconn Find Workers? - State Rep. Gordon Hintz - Aug 16th, 2017
- Vukmir: The time is now for Foxconn - Assistant Majority Leader Leah Vukmir - Aug 15th, 2017
- Foxconn tax break could exceed $1 million per job - State Sen. Jennifer Shilling - Aug 14th, 2017
- Paul Ryan Challenger Opposes $3 Billion Corporate Handout to Foxconn - Cathy Myers - Aug 14th, 2017
- The State of Politics: 10 Tough Questions About Foxconn Deal - Steven Walters - Aug 14th, 2017
- Dana Wachs Announces Opposition to Foxconn Package - State Rep. Dana Wachs - Aug 13th, 2017
- Campaign Cash: Did Foxconn Lobby Illegally? - Wisconsin Democracy Campaign - Aug 12th, 2017
- Statement from Rep. Barca Regarding Republican Amendment to Foxconn Bill - State Rep. Peter Barca - Aug 11th, 2017
- Statement: Amendment to Special Session Assembly Bill 1 - Wisconsin Assembly Speaker Robin Vos - Aug 11th, 2017
- Op Ed: Renegotiate the Foxconn Deal - Matt Flynn - Aug 11th, 2017
- Murphy’s Law: Walker’s Desperate Deal With Foxconn - Bruce Murphy - Aug 10th, 2017
- Foxconn Deal Flounders in State Legislature - One Wisconsin Now - Aug 10th, 2017
- If ‘Ifs’ and ‘Buts’ Are Candies and Nuts We’ll Have Foxconn Deal Paid Off in 2043 - One Wisconsin Now - Aug 9th, 2017
- Rep. Shankland: Statement on Foxconn Analysis - State Rep. Katrina Shankland - Aug 8th, 2017
- Foxconn Fiscal Analysis Deeply Troubling for Wisconsin Taxpayers - State Rep. David Crowley - Aug 8th, 2017
- Statement from Rep. Barca on New Fiscal Analysis of Proposed Foxconn Deal - State Rep. Peter Barca - Aug 8th, 2017
- Rep. Hintz Statement on Foxconn Cost to Taxpayers - State Rep. Gordon Hintz - Aug 8th, 2017
- Campaign Cash: Bill Has $10 Million Giveaway to Fiserv - Wisconsin Democracy Campaign - Aug 8th, 2017
- Wisconsin Veterans Chamber of Commerce Calls For Foxconn Project to Include Disabled Veteran Owned Businesses - Wisconsin Veterans Chamber of Commerce - Aug 7th, 2017
- Wisconsin Budget: The High Cost of Foxconn - Jon Peacock - Aug 4th, 2017
- What Does the Foxconn CEO Say About His Employees? - One Wisconsin Now - Aug 4th, 2017
- Foxconn Hearing: Big Promises, Little Details, Lacks Transportation Plan - State Rep. David Crowley - Aug 3rd, 2017
- One Wisconsin Now Testimony on Foxconn Subsidy Legislation - One Wisconsin Now - Aug 3rd, 2017
- No Guarantees to Prevent Wisconsin Tax Dollars From Subsidizing Illinois Jobs in Foxconn Deal - One Wisconsin Now - Aug 2nd, 2017
- Unnecessary to Sacrifice Natural Resources for Foxconn - Wisconsin League of Conservation Voters - Jul 31st, 2017
- Statement from Rep. Barca on Foxconn Developments - State Rep. Peter Barca - Jul 28th, 2017
- The Contrarian: Walker’s Reelection Now A Certainty - George Mitchell - Jul 28th, 2017
- Eyes on Milwaukee: Foxconn Loves Wisconsin, Walker - Jeramey Jannene - Jul 27th, 2017
- Governor Walker, Foxconn Founder and CEO Terry Gou Sign Memorandum of Understanding in Milwaukee - Gov. Scott Walker - Jul 27th, 2017
- REALTORS® Welcome Foxconn - Greater Milwaukee Association of REALTORS® - Jul 27th, 2017
- MATC Statement on Foxconn - Milwaukee Area Technical College - Jul 26th, 2017
- Statement from Rep. Barca on Foxconn Economic Development Announcement - State Rep. Peter Barca - Jul 26th, 2017
- Milwaukee County Executive Chris Abele Statement on Foxconn Announcement - County Executive Chris Abele - Jul 26th, 2017
- Global High-Tech Manufacturer Foxconn Announces $10 Billion Investment, Will Create 13,000 Jobs in New Wisconsin Campus - Gov. Scott Walker - Jul 26th, 2017
- Foxconn Frenzy: Proceed with Caution - State Sen. Chris Larson - Jul 26th, 2017
- Shilling cautious on Foxconn announcement - State Sen. Jennifer Shilling - Jul 26th, 2017
- Op Ed: Loss of Talgo Train Hurts Foxconn Deal - James Rowen - Jul 20th, 2017
- Mayor Barrett Supports Siting Foxconn Facility in Southeastern Wisconsin - Mayor Tom Barrett - Jul 17th, 2017
- On the Air: How Likely Is It Foxconn Will Create 10,000 Jobs? - Urban Milwaukee - Jul 13th, 2017
- Murphy’s Law: Walker Building Yesterday’s Economy - Bruce Murphy - Jul 13th, 2017
- Eyes on Milwaukee: Foxconn Lands in Milwaukee - Jeramey Jannene - Jul 10th, 2017