Wisconsin Taxpayers Alliance

22 Counties Trail State in Job Growth

They lack access to major highways, universities, and high-speed internet

By - Oct 11th, 2017 01:32 pm

Marinette County Courthouse. Photo by Bobak Ha'Eri (Own work) [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Marinette County Courthouse. Photo by Bobak Ha’Eri (Own work) [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Despite Wisconsin adding more than 180,000 jobs since the 2007-09 recession, employment declined in 16 of the state’s 72 counties during 2009-16. A closer look at economic conditions shows 22 counties, mostly in northern and central Wisconsin, significantly lagging state averages.

“These contrasting trends suggest that policymakers err in concentrating on the statewide economy,” Todd A. Berry, President of the Wisconsin Taxpayers Alliance (WISTAX) said, discussing WISTAX’s new report, “Falling Behind? Post-Recession Recovery Leaves Out Some Counties.” Now in its 85th year, WISTAX is a nonpartisan organization dedicated to public policy research and citizen education.

By combining information on jobs, workforce, unemployment, population, and home values, WISTAX identified 28 counties whose post-recession recovery was above the state average and 44 counties where it was below average. Three counties—Calumet, Dane, and St. Croix—far outpaced all others, while Adams, Buffalo, Forest, and Iron trailed most significantly.

Although many factors affect economic growth, WISTAX identified three that deserve attention:  access to major highways, high-speed Internet, and university campuses. Twelve of the 14 fastest-growing counties contained an interstate or other four-lane highway; the two remaining had a major highway within miles of their borders. This is not surprising: A 2014 WISTAX study showed Wisconsin’s industry mix is more transportation-dependent than any other state, except Indiana.

In 10 of the 14 high-growth counties, high-speed Internet was accessible to at least 85% of the population. Finally, of 13 counties with a four-year U.W. campus, the economies in 10 outperformed the state as a whole.

Of 22 counties that most lagged the state, 13 were in the north and five were in central Wisconsin.  Of the 22:

  • all had 2016 unemployment rates above the 4.1% state average;
  • 21 had declines in their labor forces during 2009-16;
  • 19 had 2016 residential values below 2009 levels; and
  • 13 saw employment fall during 2009-16.

“If one word were to characterize these 22 lagging counties,” WISTAX’s Berry said, “it might be isolation.” Nearly all these counties lack access to major highways and high-speed Internet, and are without major cities. Excluding Milwaukee, Manitowoc, and Wood counties, the largest city in these remaining 19 counties is Marinette, with fewer than 11,000 residents. All other cities and villages have fewer than 8,200 residents, and just five had more than 5,000.

In addition to looking back at county economic performance during the 2009-16 period, WISTAX also looked ahead to future workforce trends. “It is the availability of adequate labor going forward that will most impact future economic progress,” Berry pointed out.

WISTAX calculated a “replacement rate” for each county that measures its capacity to replace soon-to-retire 55-to-64 year olds with young people currently 15 to 24. A close look at these replacement rates shows the economic divergence among counties that prevailed during 2009-16 will likely continue for the next decade.

Among the 22 counties that most struggled since 2009, the median (half lower, half higher) replacement rate was 54%. In other words, these counties have about half the number of young people needed to maintain their workforces. By contrast, in the 12 counties with the strongest economies during 2009-16, the median replacement rate was 96%. That is, they have nearly enough young people to replace their retirees.

2 thoughts on “WISTAX: 22 Counties Trail State in Job Growth”

  1. Dumbledore says:

    If you are a resident or proponent of these counties, there is little hope in the future of eliminating the isolation. The current governments at both the federal and state levels try to talk up support for rural counties, but their policies do very little. The current state administration won’t even entertain highway expansions in the busiest urban communities; why would they consider highway expansion to communities like Crandon or Darlington? And if current administrations prefer market-based solutions, then high-speed internet providers have no reason to make massive infrastructure investments for a few hundred customers in a community.

  2. Bob says:

    While the state seemingly has $3 billion to give to the Chinese company Foxconn, they won’t be investing that in the counties listed here. That money could have been directed towards improving roads, bridges, aging schools as well as hiring teachers, funding entrepreneurs and small business startups, etc in all parts of the state, thus creating jobs in those communities.

    But instead the investment goes to the district which just so happens to be the district of the U.S. Speaker of the House (Paul Ryan) and the leader of the Wisconsin legislature (Robin Vos). While they are promising the Foxconn spinoff effect of creating jobs elsewhere in the state, the spinoff will likely create more jobs for Illinois residents than rural Wisconsin. To be fair, Foxconn wants to locate in the chosen area because they will have access to huge volumes of water and a fairly large labor pool in an area where housing costs are somewhat reasonable. But the bottom line is that state government is telling rural county young adults to move elsewhere if they want jobs.

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