Michael Horne
House Confidential

Classic Eschweiler Home Back on Market

Astor St. home, long used commercially, connected to 20th century's most famous stamp.

By - Jan 25th, 2018 02:20 pm
Classic Eschweiler Home Back on Market. Photo by Michael Horne.

Classic Eschweiler Home Back on Market. Photo by Michael Horne.

In 1911, Annie McLean Smith Miller [1844-1933] bought a lot at what was then 567-Astor St. and hired the noted architect Alexander C. Eschweiler to design a 4,830-square-foot residence for her use.

At the time, Mrs. Miller, age 67, had been for thirteen years the widow of Atty. Benjamin Kurtz Miller, Sr. [1830-98]. Miller was the son of Andrew G. Miller, who was appointed to the Wisconsin Territorial Supreme Court by President Martin Van Buren in 1839.

Widow Miller was in no immediate need of new housing, since she had been comfortably ensconced since 1880 in a mansion one block to the west at 559-Marshall St. In 1910 she lived there with her bachelor stepson, a retired attorney named Benjamin Kurtz Miller, Jr., age 52, and three servants.

The servants were to follow Mrs. Miller to the new home a block away. B.K. Jr. did not. In the 1920 census, he was recorded as “a lodger in Milwaukee, Wisconsin who had no occupation.” We’ll visit B.K. Jr. later, but first let’s follow Mrs. Miller and her servants to the new residence. And, if you like it, you can buy it. For $700,000 you can be the first person to live in this house since Mrs. Miller died in 1933.

A Bit of Everything

According to the Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory, the home’s “design is drawn from a combination of Queen Anne, Colonial Revival and bungalow influences. The assymetrical form is predominated by the use of steep sided gables.” Such mashups of architectural styles were not without precedent in Milwaukee, or even within Eschweiler’s oeuvre.

Take, for example, Eschweiler’s James K. Ilsley house, built next door to the north in 1895. It practically exhausted the inventory’s powers of description: “Highly eclectic in its design it borrows from so many periods (ie Tudor, Elizabethan, Chateau) that it is not easily discerned stylistically. This polyglot architectural form is common in Milwaukee.” Regrettably, the original building documents have been lost.

The roof of the Miller home drops precipitously from the attic to the first floor at the facade, providing shelter for the front door and room for a little cubbyhole porch upstairs, a popular Eschweiler feature. A bay window is smart and assertive, and rather minimally detailed. A tall window, arched at the top, illuminates a staircase. Curiously, a cement stoop beneath leads to no door. This is one of the few exterior alterations made over the years to the old mansion. There are three fireplaces within the building, along with five bedrooms, and plenty of other nooks and crannies for when you want to stretch out and take a nap.

Bathe Elsewhere

The home has a kitchen like you’d find at work, which is no surprise since the place has been a commercial building for more then eight decades. It is equipped with four bathrooms, each featuring modern flushing water closets, and lavatories with hot and cold running water. This plumbing arrangement would seem ideal for a large family or a particularly incontinent small one. However, a potential purchasers are advised that unless they plan to bathe elsewhere , the home is not in move-in condition, as it has no remaining bath tubs or shower stalls. This place has been strictly business since Mrs. Miller moved from Astor Street to Forest Home Cemetery, where the family plot is decorated by a bronze angel sculpted by Daniel Chester French, of Lincoln Memorial fame.

Was Reducing School and Physical Culture Institution

Mrs. Miller died in 1933 at 89, having outlived her stepson Benjamin by five years. The home passed into the hands of her estate, which rented some back rooms to Mrs. C. A. (Leola) Michael in 1935. On November 23rd, 1936, Leola took out an apparently after-the-fact permit to “operate a reducing school and physical culture institution” on the premises, to occupy “375 sf. consisting of two rear rooms 2nd floor of building.”

The very next day, Smith of the building inspection department took a look around and issued an order to “properly seal waste opening where bath tub was removed.” Over the years, the remaining bath tubs were also removed from the home.

Early Sporting Goods Store

The building sold for $12,000 in 1945, when Leicester R. Moise purchased it and turned it into the Moise Bournique and Co. Sportsmen’s Store. On the first floor Les had a gun display, golf clubs, fishing tackle and rods. Upstairs was ski equipment and clothing. Shipping and receiving occupied the basement. The firm, by then run by Clement Rosmann, packed up its gear and moved to Whitefish Bay in 1955. Les Moise remains a Rosmann family business with Mequon and Brookfield locations.

The Doctor is In

After his store followed his customers to the wealthy North Shore, Rosmann faced a challenge: What to do with the old mansion? On May 28th, 1956 he took out a permit application for a “Rooming House — 16 roomers. Former occupancy sporting good store.” Was the Miller mansion doomed to this ignominious fate, as were so many others of the era?

A reprieve was in sight.

“VOID,” the inspector scrawled on the permit application. “Cancel file. Permit procured to convert to doctors offices. $5,000 to remodel. Only light weight portable electric X-Ray photo and bookkeeping equipment.”

The buyer was Dr. F. G. Gaenslen, Trustee, Christine Gail Gaenslen Trust, and he set up his practice in the building, which sold for $38,000 in 1956.

The title came with a catch: since the area was (and is) a zoned residential district, occupancy of the premises for business purposes requires a variance from the Board of Zoning Appeals. (This is likely why the home is being marketed as a single-family residence today.) No sooner had the doctor unloaded his light weight portable X-Ray and bookkeeping equipment than he was issued a notice from the city to  “discontinue use of 2nd floor as an office. No permit for conversion.” Gaenslen went to the board, and got his variance.

In 1967 The Scott Advertising Agency was in the building, sharing space with the doctor. (The firm remains a tenant to this day.) On Sept 14 1967, Scott was notified that its “grant will expire Oct, 1 ’67. Return to legal use as a dwelling as regulated.” Scott got an extension that year, followed by others in 1972, 1981, 1984, 1989 and 1994, at which time it informed the city that the maximum number of people to be employed would be “5 male, 6 female.” In 1986 the Gaenslen Trust sold the building for $215,000 to 1033 Associates, LLC., the firm that owns it today and has offered it for sale at $700,000. That’s not a bad price for an Eschweiler, even one with partial plumbing.

Whatever Happened to B. K. Miller, Jr.?

Benjamin Kurtz Miller Jr. Photo is in the Public Domain.

Benjamin Kurtz Miller Jr. Photo is in the Public Domain.

When we left Benjamin Kurtz Miller Jr. at the census of 1920, we find him unmarried, unemployed and a “lodger” in Milwaukee. His circumstances were not nearly as dire as this simple enumeration implies.

The “unmarried” part remains his business, although we have our suspicions.

As far as being unemployed, this, too, was his call. Miller retired from the practice of law in 1909 at the age of 48, saying he had all the money he needed. At that time he also resigned from the board of Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Co. Even while employed at Miller, Noyes and Miller, his father’s law firm (now the 175-year old Foley & Lardner), and which he joined at age 21, young Miller took annual vacations. That is to say, he would take off for an entire year at a time, following his diverse interests, ranging from Big Game hunting to a comprehensive analysis of the Venezuelan economy. Then back to work for a year. Let’s see a Foley lawyer try to pull off that work schedule today!

As far as B.K. Jr.’s housing arrangements, after moving out from his stepmother’s roof while in his mid 50s, Miller found his “lodgings” in the Milwaukee Club, which remains on E. Wisconsin Ave. in its original 1880s home. He was familiar with the place, having served for years as an officer and board member of the club, assuming the duties of his late father, one of the club founders.

Visited Every Nation on Earth

Miller, a great traveler, who eventually visited every named country on earth, also held lodgings at the Cobden Club, London, the Devonshire Club, London, and the University Club, New York. It was there where he died on March 17th, 1928 at the age of 71, having previously donated his noted stamp collection to the New York Public Library. It was a gem of a collection.

A contemporary described its marvels: “his collection of postage stamps includ(es) numerous specimens that aroused the envy and provoked the despair of fellow enthusiasts in this country and abroad. Among its glories was a set of American issues from which not one item was missing.”

That is correct. The compulsive scholar Benjamin Kurtz Miller, Jr. assembled a collection of each and every U. S. stamp that had been printed to that date. It was the first such collection compiled. In 1921, he donated the lot to the New York Public Library, where it remains one of its glories.

The “Stamp of the Century”

US Airmail stamp: Inverted Jenny Air Mail Issue of 1918, 24c. Photo is in the Public Domain.

US Airmail stamp: Inverted Jenny Air Mail Issue of 1918, 24c. Photo is in the Public Domain.

The so-called “Stamp of the Century,” a.k.a. “The Most Famous Stamp in U.S. History,” the 24-cent “Inverted Jenny,” is 100 years old this year, and continues to live up to its reputation.

Within weeks of the discovery of the error stamp, featuring a upside-down airplane, Miller purchased position 18 for $250 and added it to his collection. In 1977 the Inverted Jenny Position 18 was stolen from the library, along with others of the priceless collection, now incomplete. It was recovered in the 1980s. One of the only 100 known Jennies sold for over $1 million in 2016. A book that year entitled the Stamp of the Century, outlines the story of the stamp and of the eccentric B. K. Miller, Jr.


The Rundown

  • Owner: 1033 Associates LLC. Jane A. Harris, Registered Agent
  • Location: City of Milwaukee
  • Neighborhood: Yankee Hill
  • Subdivision: None. A very old part of original settlement of Juneautown
  • Year Built: 1910
  • Architect: Alexander C. Eschweiler
  • Style: Numerous: “drawn from a combination of Queen Anne, Colonial Revival and bungalow influences”
  • Description: Long used for commercial purposes, this former residence is being marketed as a home once again. Despite busy location, is zoned residential.
  • Size: 4,830 square feet of finished living area; Lot size: 7,280 square feet
  • Fireplaces: Yes.
  • Bedrooms: 5
  • Bathrooms: Zero Full, 4 half baths
  • Rec Room: None found
  • Assessment: Land: 7,280 square foot lot is valued at $364,000 ($50.00/sq. ft.). Improvements: $128,000. Total assessed valuation: $492,000. Current owner bought property for $215,000 in 1986
  • Taxes: $13,439.89. Paid on Installment Plan, most recent payment $1,486.00 received.
  • Garbage Collection Route and Schedule: CG5-1-1FRI (White)
  • Polling Location: Frank P. Zeidler Municipal Building, 841 N. Broadway
  • Aldermanic District: 4th, Robert J. Bauman
  • County Supervisory District: District 5th, Marcelia Nicholson
  • Walk Score: 91 out of 100. “Walker’s Paradise” Daily errands do not require a car. City of Milwaukee Average: 62 out of 100
  • Transit Score: 60 out of 100. “Good Transit” Many nearby public transportation options. City of Milwaukee Average: 49 out of 100
  • Sanborn Map 1894 Vol. 1 Sheet #24
  • Sanborn Map 1910 Vol. 1 Sheet #44
  • Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory H111092

How Milwaukee Is It? The residence is about 0.7 mile northeast of Milwaukee City Hall.

5 thoughts on “House Confidential: Classic Eschweiler Home Back on Market”

  1. TransitRider says:

    It’s strange that this article gives neither the building’s address (1031 N Astor) nor its block (between State & Juneau). This is especially confusing since the article does give the building old address (567 Astor) which presumably changed in the 1920s when Milwaukee’s current street numbering scheme was introduced.

  2. According to policy, House Confidential never publishes the current address of its honorees.

  3. daniel golden says:

    Very interesting piece Michael, although the hodgepodge architectural style would give Frank Lloyd Wright a stroke.

  4. DK says:

    The House Confidential articles always are fascinating – I didn’t know this was an Eschweiler. I love your Bar Exam articles too, Michael. Milwaukee’s historic architecture needs more champions.

  5. Win Thrall says:

    I appreciate your focus on an AC Eschweiler house that somehow I missed when doing a survey of his designs for my exhibition “Alexander Eschweiler in Milwaukee” at the Charles Allis Art Museum * in 2007. I had a city map of 81 existing buildings built between 1894 and 1937. (I had to concentrate on his lifetime – died 1940 – because of limited space. His 3 sons carried on the firm for many years.) I know many were destroyed but I worked with his grandson Tom and wife Gabi in the Central LIbrary’s Architectural Archive for several years.

    I ache to get a comprehensive history written of the amazing scope of Eschweiler architecture in our city and around the state. Someone? Many source materials, legend books, plans, working drawings including the ones I used, and Mark Heffron’s photographs are in the Archive.

    Daniel, I hope you will check out FL Wright’s earliest designs in Chicago suburbs that were very eclectic and also Period Revival. Sometimes clients wanted eclecticism.

    The Eschweiler family were very aware of Mr. Wright, who was born around the same time as Alexander, and when his engineering failed, they referred to him as “Frank Lloyd Wrong.”

    *My catalogs are still available at the CA.

Leave a Reply

You must be an Urban Milwaukee member to leave a comment. Membership, which includes a host of perks, including an ad-free website, tickets to marquee events like Summerfest, the Wisconsin State Fair and the Florentine Opera, a better photo browser and access to members-only, behind-the-scenes tours, starts at $9/month. Learn more.

Join now and cancel anytime.

If you are an existing member, sign-in to leave a comment.

Have questions? Need to report an error? Contact Us