UWM scores rare grant trifecta
The grants will fund equipment that supports research and teaching in the fields of chemistry and biochemistry, engineering, astrophysics, physics and medicine.
“It is quite unusual for an institution to receive multiple MRI awards in a single year, and it’s certainly unprecedented at UWM,” said Mark Harris, interim vice provost for research.
The three grants, which total just over $1.7 million, will fund equipment that supports research and teaching in the fields of chemistry and biochemistry, engineering, astrophysics, physics and medicine.
The instrumentation and a short description of the purposes of each include:
A new way to image proteins and advance drug discovery
Beginning with an initial MRI grant in 2011, UWM Physics Professor Valerica Raicu developed new technology that offers a color-coded view of the distribution of proteins and how they work together inside a living cell.
Raicu also established the UWM Small Business Collaboratory, a facility where campus and commercial researchers could use the tool, called a two-photon microscope. He has collected input from users in the last two years and will use the new grant to build the second generation of the equipment.
Wider availability of this technology will open up a new way to research cell signaling and provide an untapped source of pharmacological targets, said Raicu.
Studying space through gravitational waves
The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) is the name given to the largest and most ambitious project ever funded by the NSF. After a recent upgrade, LIGO detectors last year found evidence of gravitational waves, ripples in space and time emitted by violent celestial events.
The equipment will have a broad international impact, said Patrick Brady, UWM distinguished professor of physics, because it will be available to members of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration, a group of more than a thousand researchers worldwide.
An essential instrument for chemical analysis
A Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectrometer is the go-to instrument in both academia and industry to identify unknown substances, to reveal arrangements of atoms within molecules, and to study how molecules interact.
“When performing basic chemical analysis, the two most important pieces of information are structure and mass,” said Graham Moran, UWM professor of biochemistry. “There’s no method comparable to NMR for establishing the unique connectivity of atoms within a molecule. It’s a powerful tool that is essential to all chemistry disciplines.”
The grant funding will be used to replace the aging instrument the Chemistry Department currently has.
The tool also has industrial applications, which is why Deyang Qu, the Johnson Controls Endowed Professor in Energy Storage Research at UWM, is included on the grant. Qu’s research group uses NMR to answer questions related to the performance of materials that make up batteries.
Recognized as one of the nation’s 115 top research universities, UW-Milwaukee provides a world-class education to 26,000 students from 89 countries on a budget of $667 million. Its 14 schools and colleges include Wisconsin’s only schools of architecture, freshwater sciences and public health, and it is a leading educator of nurses and teachers. UW-Milwaukee partners with leading companies to conduct joint research, offer student internships and serve as an economic engine for southeastern Wisconsin. The Princeton Review named UW-Milwaukee a 2017 “Best Midwestern” university based on overall academic excellence and student reviews, as well as a top “Green College.”
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Kathy Sullivan will deliver the Dean’s Distinguished Lecture in Natural Sciences.
The project’s research focus will extend across consumers, big data researchers, commercial providers and regulators, both domestically and internationally.
The grants awarded this round total $191,000.