Milwaukee County Wins MacArthur Foundation Support to Reduce the Use of Jails
Grant is part of MacArthur's $75M Safety and Justice Challenge, which supports innovation in local criminal justice systems
MILWAUKEE – The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation today announced that Milwaukee County is one of 20 jurisdictions selected to receive a $150,000 grant to create a fairer, more effective criminal justice system. The grant is a part of the Safety and Justice Challenge, the Foundation’s $75 million initiative to reduce over-incarceration by changing the way America thinks about and uses jails. Milwaukee County will use the support to ensure that appropriate evidence based risk assessments drive decisions about who is detained in its local jails.
Milwaukee was chosen following a highly competitive selection process that drew applications from nearly 200 jurisdictions from 45 states. The Safety and Justice Challenge competition supports jurisdictions across the country seeking to create more just and effective local justice systems that improve public safety, save taxpayer money, and yield better outcomes. The 20 jurisdictions selected will work with expert consultants to develop a plan for local justice system improvement. In 2016, as many as 10 of these jurisdictions will receive a second round of funding – between $500,000 to $2 million annually – to implement their plans over two years.
“Nearly 200 diverse jurisdictions responded to our challenge, reflecting nationwide interest in reducing over-incarceration,” said Julia Stasch, President of the MacArthur Foundation. “Each of the sites selected has demonstrated the motivation, collaboration, and commitment needed to make real change in their local justice systems. We hope their local efforts will model effective and safe alternatives to the incarceration status quo for the rest of the country.”
Despite growing national attention to the large number of Americans confined in state and federal prisons, significantly less attention has been paid to local justice systems, where the criminal justice system primarily operates and where over-incarceration begins. Jail populations have more than tripled since the 1980s, as have cumulative expenditures related to building and running them. According to recent research from the Vera Institute of Justice, nearly 75 percent of the population of both sentenced offenders and pretrial detainees are in jail for nonviolent offenses such as traffic, property, drug, or public order violations. Further, low-income individuals and communities of color disproportionately experience the negative consequences of incarceration.
Wisconsin has the highest incarceration rate for black men in the country. In Milwaukee, the poverty rate for blacks is four times greater than for whites, a racial disparity that is second worst in the country. One goal of Milwaukee’s participation in the Safety and Justice Challenge is to develop a better understanding of these issues, and to take the steps necessary to ensure detention decisions at any point in the criminal justice system are risk and need based, while being race, gender, and economic status neutral. Participation in the initiative will also assist Milwaukee in developing strategies to ensure that dangerous individuals are detained while non-violent individuals are safely managed in the community.
Over the last several years, the Milwaukee Community Justice Council has expanded the use of risk based assessment tools both in pretrial release determinations and at sentencing. Through its Early Intervention program, the Justice Council has increased the number of diversions and deferred prosecution agreements utilized. It has started a drug treatment court as well as a veterans court. All of these initiatives are designed to improve Milwaukee’s criminal justice system, and this grant will allow the Justice Council to deepen those efforts.
Information about the selected jurisdictions, as well as news, research, and events related to the Safety and Justice Challenge, will be published on www.SafetyandJusticeChallenge.org
About the MacArthur Foundation
The MacArthur Foundation supports creative people and effective institutions committed to building a more just, verdant and peaceful world. In addition to selecting the MacArthur Fellows, the Foundation works to defend human rights, advance global conservation and security, make cities better places, and understand how technology affects children and society. More information about the Foundation’s work, including in the justice field, is available at www.macfound.org.
About the Milwaukee Community Justice Council
The Milwaukee Community Justice Council is an umbrella organization made up of Milwaukee-area criminal justice agencies and local governments. The purpose of the Justice Council is to function as an independent entity governed by key justice system leaders that is empowered to define broad justice system goals, monitor/analyze justice system performance, facilitate collaboration among justice system agencies, provide technical assistance and research, and act as a conduit between the justice system and the larger community. It is governed by an Executive Committee made up representatives of each participating organization. The Justice Council is chaired by Milwaukee County Circuit Court Chief Judge Jeffrey Kremers. More information on the Justice Council can be found at www.milwaukee.gov/cjc.