We Want to Save the Warner
A non-profit trust hopes to restore a classic downtown theater as a concert hall.
There was a time, back in the first half of the 20th century, when downtown Milwaukee was the main place to watch movies and live stage acts. If you walked six blocks down Wisconsin (then called Grand) Avenue between 1900 and 1932, you would encounter epic structures with giant vertical blade signs touting such names as the Alhambra, the Palace and the Majestic. On connecting blocks to this main strip, there were dozens of smaller but just as ornate theaters like the Princess and the Toy. During this timeframe, more than 85 theaters were built in the city and then sometimes demolished to build an even better theater.
Today, just one of those theaters—the Riverside—is open as a venue for touring shows. Another large-scale movie theater structure still stands at 212 W. Wisconsin Ave. Originally called the Warner, it opened as an elegant flagship for the Warner Brothers’ chain in Milwaukee but would close as a forgotten split-level cinema called Centre and then the Grand. The entire 12-story, Art Deco office building has remained dormant and the French Renaissance-inspired auditorium sealed like a tomb for almost two decades.
There have been very few inquiries into buying or leasing the Centre Building and one serious look by the Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra in 2001, which has long had some interest in finding its own concert hall (it shares the Marcus Center’s Uihlein Hall with other tenants). Even though acoustic tests at the time conducted by Altec proved the quality to be better than at Uihlein Hall, the venture seemed too costly and complicated at the time.
Over the next few years, if concert conductor and music director Myron Heaton and his Grand Warner Theatre Trust can accomplish a series of feats, the 2,400-plus seat theater could reopen in a few years as a rehearsal and performance space for local performing arts with music at its heart. The rest of the building could be used for the arts organization’s offices with living spaces for visiting artists. It’s even possible it could still be a performance venue for the symphony.
Heaton says his group sought advice from various individuals and agency reps including most recently, architects at Kahler Slater and attorney Steve Chernof (who has headed up a task force set up by Mayor Tom Barrett to explores ways to revive the downtown area west of the river). “There’s all of these people who are assisting us,” Heaton says, “who seem to indicate a growing demand for mixed-use facilities. One of the things that is tantalizing [to an arts group] is the ability to move an entire season lock, stock, and barrel—including the offices—into one location.”
Nonetheless, Heaton’s group faces a laundry list of issues before the project can come to fruition. Put simply, all that his non-profit trust must do is complete a charter (this was completed in May), lobby for national historic registry status, consult with interested arts organizations on how the building could be converted to meet their needs, make a presentation to a network of foundations, philanthropists, grant writers and benefactors, look into a low-interest loans, find a partner who will help build an eight-story parking structure and active annex on the under-used lot along the theater’s 2nd and Wells Street side, purchase the land at 212 W. Wisconsin Ave. from two family trusts that have held the deed since 1921, buy out the lease from Marcus Realty (which runs until 2021) on the building, and finally conduct asbestos removal, restore the intricate lobby and auditorium, bring electrical work up-to-code and most importantly, deepen the stage. The Milwaukee Downtown Newcomer & Visitor Information Kiosk, which now leases the original ticket booth and marquee space in the building from Marcus, would also have to move (next door in the connected empty storefront, for example).
A final price tag for all this is estimated at $40-60 million. Purchasing just the building and land is the current task at hand, Heaton says, with renovation and expansion of the theater coming later. Funds would come through various means, including matching donations from some already willing foundations, he notes.
Each step of this process can by itself be complicated. The land the theater sits on, for instance, is owned by Iron Butterfly LLC, which is held by Paul Bielich (who wants to sell the land) and his two sisters (who are reportedly not as eager). Bielich also wants it to be a historic registered place, (that’s one of the things that has saved the building, Heaton says) but other parties reportedly do not. And there is another family that owns roughly half the land under the building’s storefront of about 30 square feet. There may even be some dummy corporations based in Arizona that have some ownership.
Still, projects this complex have been accomplished before, both in Milwaukee (the Milwaukee Repertory Theater’s complex was a comparably major project) and most notably for the Hennepin Theatre Trust—which is the model and somewhat adviser in making the Grand Warner project happen. In the revitalization of downtown Minneapolis as a central location for the stage arts, four distinct theaters were saved from demolition.
Heaton says that a key consultant (perhaps someone from the Minneapolis project) that could help would be someone “who is an expert at finding grants and funds nationwide to restore classic buildings, especially ones that should be on historic preservation lists but aren’t quite yet.”
It’s a daunting project. If any number of steps listed above falter, the Grand Warner Theatre Trust may not be able to move forward and the project is over.
Still, in an interview with Urban Milwaukee, while overlooking the site from a second-floor outdoor patio, Heaton and his partner John Lettermann were optimistic due to the amount of ‘yes’ and support they’ve received in the past three years so far. How do they keep hope alive against the naysayers?
“We’re singers,” offers Heaton with a wry smile.
“More specifically, we’re tenors,” Lettermann laughs very deeply.
The Warner Theater was built in 1930 on top of the now-folkloric Butterfly Theater and several other buildings, which explains some of the odd land ownership and the Iron Butterfly LLC name. The lavish five-story auditorium was meant to be enthralling to draw in crowds, and the $2.5 million movie palace—the last of its kind to be built in Milwaukee—was dedicated on May 1, 1931 in a spectacle that briefly lifted the city from the depths of the Great Depression.
Archived Milwaukee Sentinel newspapers reveal the major coverage of this night in great detail: civic leaders like Mayor Dan Hoan, Police Chief Laubenheimer and Sen. Bernard Gettelman attended, while Governor Bob La Follette recorded an early “talkie” congratulating the Warners. Valets parked cars in a private garage built for the Warner. A full staff of maids and ushers waited on attendees in the mirrored lobby and lounges while a string orchestra performed near bubbling fountains. Outside, police linked arms to hold spectators back as Hollywood starlet Bebe Daniels arrived late. Kleig spotlights searched the sky while a hired airplane buzzed the area.
Larry Widen, who literally wrote the book (several editions worth) on “Milwaukee Movie Theaters,” tells a story that the great photographer Albert Kuhli related. He had been hired by the Warner Brothers to take staff and beauty shots before the opening, and then again as a ‘Press’ photographer the next night and they wanted him to continue putting on a show even if no photos resulted.
“They told him, we don’t care if you don’t have any film in your camera, just pop off some black powder once in awhile,” Widen relates.
The building itself was designed by the noted architects Cornelius and George Rapp of Chicago, who some years before designed a kind of predecessor, grand movie theater called the Chicago. The Milwaukee version shares many of the same design elements. The late movie theater historian Jim Rankin begins a great, detailed description of the Warner this way: “…veneered in marble and bronze spandrels and ornamented throughout in monel silver metal in Art Deco design. The lobby is a three story high dazzler in towering etched mirrors that were framed in deep maroon draperies with fringeless tassels (drops) in silver silk and fringe.”
One of the proud features of the Warner was a 3-manual, 28-rank Kimball organ which was played before shows and became a staple of WTMJ radio broadcasts on Saturday nights. While most of the organ ended up at the Oriental Theater and some of the bubbling display fountains are missing, much of the theater’s architectural features and murals are surprisingly intact.
The theater’s golden years lasted until the 1960s. The growth of residential suburbs, shopping centers and then movie multiplexes increasingly drove away the audiences for downtown theaters. Once epic movie palaces like Fox’s Wisconsin Theatre responded in 1963 by splitting its screening rooms down the middle and installing a (faux) Cinerama experience. It was finally demolished in 1986, on land now occupied by the Delta Convention Center. Across the street, the once-great dance hall and vaudeville circuit Palace-Orpheum installed real Cinerama as a feature until the fad waned. Eventually the theater started to lose its luster and returned to live stage shows until it was demolished in 1974.
In 1966, Ben Marcus added the Warner to his burgeoning moviehouse chain. The vertical blade sign was taken down and the place was re-christened as the Centre Theatre. By 1973, it became Centre Cinema I&II—split vertically (at the balcony line) into upper and lower screening rooms. Then in 1982, it was re-branded Grand Cinema I&II to mark the opening of the new mall across the street. By the late 1980s, the movies were mostly urban or action. Major League and Fair Game had their premieres at the Grand, shortly before it shuttered in 1995.
Heaton remembers the theater well, and attended it often after moving to Milwaukee in 1968. “At that point, they still played first-run films. In fact, this is before the multiplexes, over here was the Strand—they played ‘Cleopatra.’ They had the Towne Theater over here—they played ‘Patton.’ It’s funny—I always seem to associate all these theaters with the movies I saw there. The first I was ever in the Wisconsin Theater was for the state premiere of ‘Oliver.’”
Back in the 1970s, The Riverside still ran Z-grade action movies, but the building itself was falling apart. Heaton would regularly sneak into the Riverside with friends to play the once-prized-but-now-raggedy pipe organ. They would ask the custodian where the chandelier went and he would show it to them lying in storage. Eventually, they got to know every last corner and feature of the place until the gang decided to lobby Joseph Zilber and Towne Realty to save the organ and refurbish the venue.
Work took Heaton away to Las Vegas before he could join the committee that made the final pitch to Zilber, but Heaton carried the preservationist spirit along when Bob Dylan and his brother David Zimmerman were thinking about tearing down the historic Orpheum Theatre in Minneapolis. Heaton did historical research on the site for what would become the Hennepin Theater Trust, and later he did other work with a group acting to save the city’s Shubert Theater from demolition. In that case, the entire building was moved two whole blocks in dramatic fashion.
He became inspired again back in Las Vegas. There, as the choir group he led (and which carries his name) looked for a new home, they joined in efforts to save and restore the historic Huntridge Theater. The effort was successful for some years, but in 2009, the local government balked at making any further loans and the Huntridge closed again. (There is another plan to revive it.)
During his many enterprises, Heaton would return home to Milwaukee to visit family. On one of these brief stays, he took a walk down Wisconsin Avenue and was shocked to find the Warner — which he had been told was torn down — still standing.
“It was all boarded up but I took down some phone numbers, hoping one of them could tell me if it’s for sale or whatever.” Heaton thought about the efforts he got involved with to save other theaters. “In each of those cases, I was one of the gophers…So I thought, okay, I’ll call up some of my friends who were involved since the beginning with these projects and see how they went about it.”
Heaton now has primary residence in Milwaukee and the gears of the project are starting to turn. While a Milwaukee Journal Sentinel story suggested the symphony could be interested in locating a new concert hall at the proposed Couture building, symphony insiders say this is quite speculative. The Grand Warner location might still be in the running. Other groups, like the Milwaukee Ballet, the Bel Canto and the Florentine Opera, might also be possible tenants.
Many of the elements are now right for the trust’s venture: new hotels and apartments surround the building. Even if a parking garage/annex cannot be fully realized, there are parking structures within one block in every direction. The convention center, just two blocks away, draws hundreds of thousands to the downtown area every year. The Milwaukee Film Festival could potentially host a premiere there. And the entire effort could complement the mayor’s effort to revive Wisconsin Avenue.
Widen is skeptical the whole project will work, given the challenge of rescuing old movie palaces and the frugality of Milwaukee residents. Still, he still sees its allure.
“Why save the Warner? Because it’s a beautiful theater, the likes of which will never be built again. The architecture, the craftsmanship, the décor—they don’t build them like that now.”
People: Ben Marcus, Joseph Zilber, Larry Widen, Paul Bielich, Steve Chernof, Tom Barrett
Building(s): Grand Theatre